Like other transition countries, Mongolia has faced it’s own challenges in media development, and press freedom. Democratization in Mongolia began in the early 1990’s, after decades as a Soviet satellite state.
The transition from a state owned and operated media system, to that of a free and open press, poses many challenges in terms of ownership, privatization, financial and political constraints.
An internationally recognized independent group, Freedom House, says in a 2008 report about Mongolia that freedom of speech and press in the country are protected by law, and the government “generally respects these rights in practice.
However, in 2008, the U.S.-based Freedom House gave Mongolia a “partly free” rating due to a number of current problems in the media environment including ongoing legal harassment and financial difficulties facing journalists.